Before you go through this article, make sure that you have gone through the previous article on Half Adder.
We have discussed-
- Half Adder is used for the purpose of adding two single bit numbers.
- Half adders have no scope of adding the carry bit resulting from the addition of previous bits.
- To overcome this drawback, full adder comes into play.
In this article, we will discuss about Full Adder.
- Full Adder is a combinational logic circuit.
- It is used for the purpose of adding two single bit numbers with a carry.
- Thus, full adder has the ability to perform the addition of three bits.
- Full adder contains 3 inputs and 2 outputs (sum and carry) as shown-
Full Adder Designing-
Full adder is designed in the following steps-
Identify the input and output variables-
- Input variables = A, B, Cin (either 0 or 1)
- Output variables = S, Cout where S = Sum and Cout = Carry
Draw the truth table-
|A||B||Cin||Cout (Carry)||S (Sum)|
Draw K-maps using the above truth table and determine the simplified Boolean expressions-
Also Read-Full Subtractor
Draw the logic diagram.
The implementation of full adder using 1 XOR gate, 3 AND gates and 1 OR gate is as shown below-
To gain better understanding about Full Adder,
Next Article-Half Subtractor
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