Before you go through this article, make sure that you have gone through the previous article on Half Subtractor.
We have discussed-
- Half Subtractor is used for the purpose of subtracting two single bit numbers.
- Half subtractors have no scope of taking into account “Borrow-in” from the previous circuit.
- To overcome this drawback, full subtractor comes into play.
In this article, we will discuss about Full Subtractor.
- Full Subtractor is a combinational logic circuit.
- It is used for the purpose of subtracting two single bit numbers.
- It also takes into consideration borrow of the lower significant stage.
- Thus, full subtractor has the ability to perform the subtraction of three bits.
- Full subtractor contains 3 inputs and 2 outputs (Difference and Borrow) as shown-
Designing a Full Subtractor-
Full subtractor is designed in the following steps-
Identify the input and output variables-
- Input variables = A, B, Bin (either 0 or 1)
- Output variables = D, Bout where D = Difference and Bout = Borrow
Draw the truth table-
|A||B||Bin||Bout (Borrow)||D (Difference)|
Draw K-maps using the above truth table and determine the simplified Boolean expressions-
Also Read- Full Adder
Draw the logic diagram.
The implementation of full adder using 1 XOR gate, 3 AND gates, 1 NOT gate and 1 OR gate is as shown below-
To gain better understanding about Full Subtractor,
Next Article- Ripple Carry Adder
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