# Construction of DFA | DFA Solved Examples

## Type-01 Problems-

In Type-01 problems, we will discuss the construction of DFA for languages consisting of strings ending with a particular substring.

## Steps To Construct DFA-

Following steps are followed to construct a DFA for Type-01 problems-

### Step-01:

• Determine the minimum number of states required in the DFA.
• Draw those states.

Use the following rule to determine the minimum number of states-

### RULE

Calculate the length of substring.

All strings ending with ‘n’ length substring will always require minimum (n+1) states in the DFA.

### Step-02:

• Decide the strings for which DFA will be constructed.
• The method for deciding the strings has been discussed in this Video.

### Step-03:

• Construct a DFA for the strings decided in Step-02.

Remember the following rule while constructing the DFA-

### RULE

While constructing a DFA,

• Always prefer to use the existing path.
• Create a new path only when there exists no path to go with.

### Step-04:

• Send all the left possible combinations to the starting state.
• Do not send the left possible combinations over the dead state.

## Problem-01:

Draw a DFA for the language accepting strings ending with ’01’ over input alphabets ∑ = {0, 1}

## Solution-

Regular expression for the given language = (0 + 1)*01

### Step-01:

• All strings of the language ends with substring “01”.
• So, length of substring = 2.

Thus, Minimum number of states required in the DFA = 2 + 1 = 3.

It suggests that minimized DFA will have 3 states.

### Step-02:

We will construct DFA for the following strings-

• 01
• 001
• 0101

### Step-03:

The required DFA is- ## Problem-02:

Draw a DFA for the language accepting strings ending with ‘abb’ over input alphabets ∑ = {a, b}

## Solution-

Regular expression for the given language = (a + b)*abb

### Step-01:

• All strings of the language ends with substring “abb”.
• So, length of substring = 3.

Thus, Minimum number of states required in the DFA = 3 + 1 = 4.

It suggests that minimized DFA will have 4 states.

### Step-02:

We will construct DFA for the following strings-

• abb
• aabb
• ababb
• abbabb

### Step-03:

The required DFA is- ## Problem-03:

Draw a DFA for the language accepting strings ending with ‘abba’ over input alphabets ∑ = {a, b}

## Solution-

Regular expression for the given language = (a + b)*abba

### Step-01:

• All strings of the language ends with substring “abba”.
• So, length of substring = 4.

Thus, Minimum number of states required in the DFA = 4 + 1 = 5.

It suggests that minimized DFA will have 5 states.

### Step-02:

We will construct DFA for the following strings-

• abba
• aabba
• ababba
• abbabba
• abbaabba

### Step-03:

The required DFA is- ## Problem-04:

Draw a DFA for the language accepting strings ending with ‘0011’ over input alphabets ∑ = {0, 1}

## Solution-

Regular expression for the given language = (0 + 1)*0011

### Step-01:

• All strings of the language ends with substring “0011”.
• So, length of substring = 4.

Thus, Minimum number of states required in the DFA = 4 + 1 = 5.

It suggests that minimized DFA will have 5 states.

### Step-02:

We will construct DFA for the following strings-

• 0011
• 00011
• 000011
• 0010011
• 00110011

### Step-03:

The required DFA is- Also Read- Converting DFA to Regular Expression

To gain better understanding about Construction of DFA,

Watch this Video Lecture Next Article- Construction of DFA | Type-02 Problems

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Summary Article Name
Construction of DFA | DFA Solved Examples
Description
Construction of DFA- This article discusses how to solve DFA problems with examples. Construction of DFA with Examples. Practice Problems based on Construction of DFA.
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